Yale Institution for Social and Policy Studies

Greetings from Stephen Latham, Bioethics Center Director


Happy day-after-Halloween! This is the Bioethics Center’s first event-free week of the semester. In the save-the-date department, I’ll mention only that our Technology and Ethics group will be hearing from Noel Sharkey (Sheffield, Artificial Intelligence and Robotics) on Monday, November 18 at ISPS at 4:15.

I’ll be on a panel at next week’s American Public Health Association meeting on Tuesday, talking about my Robert-Wood-Johnson-funded project to create a database of state statutes and cases that criminalize HIV exposure. These laws are ineffective at reducing HIV transmission, and interfere with regular HIV-related public health interventions. Find out more on Tuesday morning if you’re in Boston for the APHA!

As ever, if you have some news or an event that you’d like to see listed in this newsletter, please send an email to me at Stephen.Latham@Yale.edu with the word “Frimail” in your subject-line.

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This Week on Campus

Monday, November 4

Franke Science & Humanities Lecture III
Time: 4 PM
Location: 53 Wall St, Auditorium
Speaker: Robert Shulman, Sterling Professor Emeritus, Yale School of Medicine
Topic: A New Paradigm for Brain Imaging

History of Science & Medicine Lecture
Time: 4:30 PM
Location: 320 York St, room 211
Speaker: Robert Fox, Cain Distinguished Fellow, Chemical Heritage Foundation
Topic: Mapping the Universe of Knowledge: Universalism and National Interests in Modern Science

Tuesday, November 5

Public Health/MacMillan Center Lecture
Time: 12 PM
Location: 34 Hillhouse Ave, room 202
Speaker: Xiaobo Zhang, Senior Research Fellow, YSPH, and Professor, IFPRI and Peking University
Topic: The Price for Competition: Evidence from Imbalanced Sex Ratio and Accidental Death

ISPS Health Book Launch
Time: 3 PM
Location: 74 High St, Branford College Common Room
Speakers: Betsy Bradley & Lauren Taylor, co-authors
Topic: The American Health Care Paradox

Film Screening
Time: 7:30 PM
Location: 409 Prospect St, Latourette Room
Film: Journey of the Universe
Conversation to follow with creators Mary Evelyn Tucker & John Grim of the Bioethics Center

Wednesday, November 6

Environmental Law & Policy Webinar
Time: 11 AM
Location: online
Speaker: Jason Foscolo, principal attorney at The Food Law Firm
Topic: Food Law Activism: Legal Models for Sustainable Business

Ecology & Evolutionary Biology Seminar
Time: 3:30 PM
Location: 21 Sachem St, room 110
Speaker: Sarah Tishkoff, the David and Lyn Silfen University Professor, Departments of Genetics and Biology, University of Pennsylvania
Topic: Integrative African Genomics: Implications for Human Origins and Disease

Thursday, November 7

Forest Forum Lunch
Time: 12 PM
Location: 360 Prospect St, Marsh Rotunda
Speaker: Braulio Dias, Executive Secretary of the UN Convention on Biological Diversity
Topic: Forests and Biodiversity

Pediatric Ethics Lecture
Time: 4:30 PM
Location: Park Street, room 202
Speaker: Evadne Marcolini, MD, Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine, Yale School of Medicine
Topic: Theories of Clinical Ethics Consultations

Friday, November 8

Agrarian Studies Colloquium
Time: 11 AM
Location: 77 Prospect St, room B012
Speaker: Jessica Cattelino, Anthropology, University of California, Los Angeles
Topic: ‘Getting the Water Right’ in the Florida Everglades

Zigler Center Lecture
Time: 11:30 AM
Location: 100 Wall St, room 119
Speaker: Nancy Close, PhD, Associate Director of the Yale Program in Early Childhood Education, Assistant Professor at the Yale Child Study Center
Topic: The “Whole Child” Model: Promoting Healthy, Holistic Development

Biospheric Studies Seminar
Time: 12 PM
Location: 21 Sachem St, room 110
Speaker:  Anthony Leiserowitz, Director of the Yale Project on Climate Change Communication and Research Scientist, Lecturer, Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies
Topic:  Climate Change in the American Mind

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Conferences & Off Campus Events

On Monday, November 18th, 2013, Cardozo Law School's Journal of Conflict Resolution will present its Annual Symposium,"Bioethics, Healthcare Policy, and Alternative Dispute Resolution in the Age of Obamacare."  The conference will examine the possibilities for conversation, negotiation, and dispute resolution within the healthcare arena, including how such conversation and alternative dispute resolution opportunities will evolve as provisions of the Affordable Healthcare Act ("Obamacare") continue to be implemented.  We will bring together prominent experts, scholars, and practitioners in the intersecting realms of bioethics and conflict resolution.  The event is free and open to the public. To view a full schedule of events and register, please visit the following link: http://tinyurl.com/lz8oe3c.  To learn more about the Cardozo Journal of Conflict Resolution, please visit our web site: http://cardozojcr.com. Our Symposium participants will include: Adrienne Asch, Edward Bergman, Nancy Berlinger, Arthur Caplan, Nancy Dubler, Autumn Fiester, Debra Gerardi, Mindy Hatton, Michael Kosnitzky, Carol Liebman, Joe Miller, Thaddeus Pope, Charity Scott, Michelle Skipper, and Ellen Waldman. CLE Credits: 5 total (3 Professional Practice and 2 Ethics), with the following break-down: Opening Keynote: 0.5 Professional Practice Panel 1: 0.5 Professional Practice, 1.0 Ethics Panel 2: 1.5 Professional Practice Panel 3: 0.5 Professional Practice, 1.0 Ethics. Questions?  Contact Shawna Benston, Editor-in-Chief of the Cardozo Journal of Conflict Resolution, at shawna.benston@gmail.com.

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Bioethical Reflections in Honor of Dan Brock
November 22, 2013, 8:30am to 6:00pm
Joseph B. Martin Conference Center at Harvard Medical School
77 Avenue Louis Pasteur, Third Floor, Boston, MA 
Dan Brock is currently the Frances Glessner Lee Professor of Medical Ethics in the Department of Global Health and Social Medicine. In a career spanning more than four decades, he has served as Senior Scientist and a member of the Department of Clinical Bioethics at the National Institutes of Health; Charles C. Tillinghast, Jr. University Professor, Professor of Philosophy and Biomedical Ethics, and Director of the Center for Biomedical Ethics at Brown University; Staff Philosopher on the President's Commission for the Study of Ethical Problems in Medicine (1981-82); and a member of the Ethics Working Group of the Clinton Task Force on National Health Reform (1993). He has been a consultant in biomedical ethics and health policy to numerous national and international bodies, including the Office of Technology Assessment of the U.S. Congress, the Institute of Medicine, the National Bioethics Advisory Commission, and the World Health Organization. He is a Fellow and former member of the Board of Directors of the Hastings Center, and was a Fellow in the Ethics and Professions' Program and in the Division of Medical Ethics at Harvard University in 1991-92. He was President of the American Association of Bioethics in 1995-96, and was a founding Board Member of the American Society for Bioethics and Humanities. He is the author of over 150 articles in bioethics and in moral and political philosophy. Sponsored by the Division of Medical Ethics, the Department of Global Health & Social Medicine at Harvard Medical School and the Petrie-Flom Center, with support from the Oswald DeN. Cammann Fund.

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Grants, Fellowships, & Jobs

Zuzana Simoniova Cmelikova Visiting International Scholar in Leadership and Ethics, Jepson School of Leadership Studies, University of Richmond, Virginia
The Jepson School of Leadership Studies is accepting applications for the position of Zuzana Simoniova Cmelikova Visiting International Scholar in Leadership and Ethics for 2014-15, a one-year visiting position. This program, made possible by a generous gift from the Ukrop family, is designed to give visiting scholars who have extensive international experience the opportunity to develop courses, to design programs, or to conduct research on leadership ethics. Visiting international scholars may be new Ph.D.’s or experienced scholars who hold a Ph.D. in an academic area related to the study of leadership and ethics. Scholars from newly formed democracies are encouraged to apply. Applicants should explain in a cover letter how their research, teaching, and future plans relate to the scholarship that they would pursue as a visitor at Jepson. The Visiting International Scholar will be in residence at the University of Richmond for the academic year in order to pursue his or her own advanced research related to leadership and ethics. They will also give some presentations related to their research and/or issues related to leadership in their country. Successful applicants will receive a research stipend. Candidates should send applications electronically to http://jobs.richmond.edu and include a letter of application, a curriculum vita, a one-page research plan, a writing sample and contact information for three letters of reference. Review of applications will begin on December 1 and continue until the position is filled. Inquiries may be directed to Nancy Nock, International and Grant-Funded Programs Coordinator, Jepson School of Leadership Studies, nnock@richmond.edu. Inaugurated in 1992, the Jepson School of Leadership Studies (jepson.richmond.edu) is an independent academic unit of the University of Richmond and offers students the opportunity to major or minor in Leadership Studies. With the aim of educating students for and about leadership, the Jepson School offers an intellectually challenging liberal arts curriculum delivered by means of a rigorous and innovative pedagogy. The University of Richmond is committed to developing a diverse workforce and student body and to supporting an inclusive campus community. In keeping with this commitment, our academic community strongly encourages applications from candidates who will contribute to these goals. The University of Richmond has a generous family leave policy, offers employment benefits to same sex domestic partners, and prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, religion, national or ethnic origin, age, sex, sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression, disability, status as a veteran or any classification protected by local, state or federal law. 

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The University Center for Human Values at Princeton University invites applications for the Harold T. Shapiro Postdoctoral Fellowship in Bioethics for a possible opening in September 2014. The aim of the Fellowship is to support the study of ethical issues arising from developments in medicine and the biological sciences. The search committee particularly encourages proposals focusing on problems of practical importance that have broader theoretical interest. The Fellowship is awarded for one year, initially, with the possibility of renewal for two further years. This is an attractive opportunity for an outstanding scholar.

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Assistant/Associate Professor of Women's Studies and Bioethics, The Pennsylvania State University 
Deadline TODAY: November 1, 2013 
The Women's Studies Department and the Bioethics Program at the Pennsylvania State University invite applications for a tenured or tenure-track faculty member (Assistant/Associate Professor) to teach and conduct research in women's studies and bioethics, broadly construed. We are particularly interested in humanities scholars whose research addresses any of the following: global bioethics; health and human rights; access to health care; gender, sexual, racial and ethnic disparities and systemic problems in health and health care; and structural and environmental influences on health, including food systems. The candidate will be expected to develop a strong research program in gender, women's studies and bioethics and contribute to the undergraduate and graduate programs in Women's Studies. The candidate's research will contribute to and enrich Penn State's "Bioethics without Borders" research initiative. Candidates for the position should demonstrate an understanding of various theories, methods, and approaches to bioethics, as well as the ability to communicate these to students in the undergraduate minor in bioethics and medical humanities, and to graduate students participating in Penn State's new dual-title Ph.D. program in bioethics. Candidates should provide clear evidence of scholarly and teaching excellence. In addition to teaching core courses in the dual-title graduate programs offered by both Women's Studies and Bioethics, the successful candidate will develop new courses as the Bioethics Program expands. Applications must be submitted electronically at www.la.psu.edu/facultysearch. Please include a letter of application describing research, teaching, and any graduate mentoring experience, along with a CV, representative publications, and a brief teaching portfolio. Three letters of recommendation should be sent to Staci Kelly (szk3@psu.edu). Inquiries may be sent to Jonathan H. Marks, search committee chair (jhm20@psu.edu). Ph.D. or relevant professional degree must be completed prior to commencement of employment. Applications received on or before November 1, 2013 will be guaranteed full review. Start date: August, 2014. Penn State is committed to affirmative action, equal opportunity, and the diversity of its workforce. We encourage applications from individuals of diverse backgrounds.

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Open Rank Faculty Position in Philosophy and Bioethics, The Pennsylvania State University
Deadline: November 11, 2013
The Department of Philosophy and the Bioethics Program at the Pennsylvania State University invite applications for a tenure track or tenured position in philosophy, beginning Fall 2014. Rank: Open. AOS: Bioethics. AOC: Open. The Department of Philosophy seeks candidates whose work fits well with the department's areas of strength, which include continental philosophy, American philosophy, feminist philosophy, and critical philosophy of race. Preference will be given to candidates whose work is informed by an engagement with the history of philosophy and who have a demonstrated ability to promote dialogue across philosophical traditions, both established and emerging. The Bioethics Program offers a new and innovative dual-title Ph.D. program in bioethics. The candidate will be expected to teach core courses in theories and methods in that program. In addition, candidates should have an established research record in contemporary bioethics. The candidate's research will contribute to and enrich the "Bioethics without Borders" initiative. We are particularly interested in philosophers whose work addresses systemic issues in bioethics including industry-sponsored research; global bioethics; distributive justice; access to health care; health disparities; health and human rights; and structural and environmental influences on health, including food systems. Applications must be submitted electronically at www.la.psu.edu/facultysearch. Please include a letter of application describing research, teaching, and any graduate mentoring experience, along with a CV, representative publications, and a brief teaching portfolio. Three letters of recommendation should be sent to Robin Haynes (rjh3@psu.edu). Inquiries may be sent to Sarah Clark Miller, search committee chair (scm24@psu.edu). Ph.D. must be completed prior to commencement of employment. Applications received on or before November 11, 2013, will be guaranteed full review. We encourage applications from individuals of diverse backgrounds. Employment will require successful completion of background check (s) in accordance with University policies Penn State is committed to affirmative action, equal opportunity, and diversity of its workplace.

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Mayo Clinic in Rochester Minnesota Seeks Outstanding Biomedical Ethics Staff Members at the Associate or Full Professor Level
Candidate will actively contribute to the scholarship and clinical practice of a vibrant, multidisciplinary Program in Biomedical Ethics devoted to the full range of bioethics needs of our academic medical center with an emphasis on individualized medicine. The Biomedical Ethics Program currently includes a newly recruited Director, 2 core faculty, 3-6 additional clinicians and 8 staff engaged in ethics research. The position includes a competitive start-up package, benefits, and operating support. Clinician-Investigator in Bioethics with a MD or MD/PhD degree is sought. The candidate in this position is expected to focus his/her research on bioethical issues related to individualized medicine. This might include bioethical issues in genetic research, DNA biobanking, emerging information technologies, clinical genomics, or related topics of interest within the context of the Mayo Clinic Center for Individualized Medicine and Biomedical Ethics Program. Candidates will also be expected to maintain a clinical practice that advances the mission of the Mayo Clinic. The successful candidate should have a track record of NIH or equivalent peer-reviewed grant funding or provide evidence that he or she will be able to secure such funding in the future. Credentials of successful applicants will include national/international recognition in bioethics and a track record of outstanding scholarly contributions. Early-stage investigators with exceptional accomplishments and rigorous training in these areas will also be considered. Mayo Clinic is a premier academic medical center with over 3,800 staff physicians and scientists in a unified multi-campus system. This unique environment brings together the best in patient care, groundbreaking research and innovative medical and graduate education. Mayo Clinic offers a highly competitive compensation package with sustained intramural funding, outstanding laboratory facilities, capital equipment funding, technical and computational resources, and exceptional benefits. To apply and learn more, please visit www.mayoclinic.org/scientist-jobs/ and reference job posting number 24764BR. A CV, selected publications, and a statement of research interests should be sent to Dr. Richard R. Sharp, PhD. Please apply online at or send all materials to: Brent Helgren, Physician/Scientist Recruiter, Mayo Clinic, Email: Helgren.Brent@mayo.edu Email: bioethics@mayo.edu Mayo Clinic is an affirmative action / equal opportunity educator and employer. 

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Fellowships at NIDA-Funded Fordham University HIV Prevention Research Ethics Training Institute
In this program, you will attend two summer training institutes with fully funded travel and lodging beginning July 6-16, 2014 in New York City; join an international network of scholars examining current challenges in HIV and drug use research ethics; and receive an $18,000 grant to conduct a Mentored Research Project (MRP) that will contribute to evidence-based HIV research ethics practice. Our fellows have published their Mentored Research Projects in peer-reviewed journals, presented the data at national and international conferences, and incorporated the MRP as pilot data for grant applications. To see fellows’ accomplishments, please click here. Click here for the call for applications, visit  www.fordham.edu/ethicsinstitute, or contact Elizabeth Yuko at ethicsinst@fordham.edu for more information. Applications are due February 25, 2014. Applicants will be notified of award decisions by April 1, 2014.

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Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center Kermit Gitenstein Distinguished Visiting Chair in Health Law and Policy
Deadline: Earliest possible date
Touro College Jacob D. Fuchsberg Law Center invites applications from experienced health law teachers and scholars for the Kermit Gitenstein Distinguished Visiting Chair in Health Law and Policy. Touro is seeking a nationally-known professor in the field of health law and policy to fill the chair for the spring semester in 2015. The Gitenstein visiting professor will teach at least one course at the law school, deliver public lectures, and participate fully in faculty and student life. Touro Law Center is part of Touro College, which includes New York Medical College-one of the largest private health sciences universities in the nation. The visiting chair will have the opportunity to develop collaborative initiatives with the medical profession in general and New York Medical College in particular. Women, members of minority groups and others whose background will contribute to the diversity of the faculty are encouraged to apply. Touro Law Center is a dynamic institution that is at the forefront of legal education in this country, dedicated to producing practice-ready graduates. Touro's students have the unique opportunity to take advantage of the first-ever law campus in the United States-a law school adjacent to and working with both a federal courthouse and a state courthouse. The law school is located in Suffolk County, Long Island, approximately an hour outside of New York City.Interested candidates should send a cover letter and resume at the earliest possible date for full consideration. Contact: Samuel Levine, Appointments Committee Chair and Director of the Jewish Law Institute, atslevine@tourolaw.edu. Touro College is committed to the principles of equal employment opportunity. Our practices and employment decisions regarding employment, hiring, assignment, promotion, compensation, and other terms and conditions of employment are not to be based on an employee's race, color, sex, age, religion, national origin, disability, ancestry, military discharge status, sexual orientation, marital status, genetic predisposition, housing status, or any other protected status, in accordance with applicable law. Our policies are in conformity with Title IX, 1972 Education Amendments.

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The Hecht-Levi Fellowship Program in Bioethics at Johns Hopkins University invites applications for two year funded postdoctoral fellowships to begin in September 2014.
The main goal of the Fellowship is to launch the careers of the next generation of bioethics scholars, so there is considerable protected time for research and publication. Fellowship responsibilities can be coordinated with clinical duties for trainees at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine or School of Nursing. The Hecht-Levi Fellowship Program provides two-year postdoctoral positions that include: Weekly seminars including presentations and discussions with the leading policy makers and academics in the field, an individualized research program, Post-doctoral mentoring in bioethics, Participation in the Berman Institute’s outreach efforts via social media, Coursework and/or teaching opportunities (commensurate with experience and background), A total financial package of $52,000 per year for 2 years, including individual health insurance, A modest annual discretionary fund for travel to relevant conferences, Prospective Fellows must reside in the Baltimore metropolitan area for the duration of the Fellowship. Doctoral or professional degree in relevant disciplinary area required. Prior bioethics study or experience is desirable but not required. Please send a cover letter, CV, three letters of reference, copy of graduate transcript, a writing sample, and a personal statement to: Jeffrey Kahn, PhD, MPH, Hecht-Levi Fellowship Program in Bioethics Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics, 1809 Ashland Avenue, Baltimore, MD 21205-1996, Phone: (410) 614-5590, Fax: (410) 614-5360, Additional inquiries may be directed to Prof. Kahn at jpk@jhu.edu. Review of applications will begin December 16, 2013. The Johns Hopkins University is an Affirmative Acting/Equal Opportunity Employer.

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The Center for Bioethics and Humanities of SUNY Upstate Medical University has an opening for a Research Assistant.  The Research Assistant is responsible for providing research and editorial assistance to all faculty of the Center.  Responsibilities include assisting with editorial tasks for the Center’s literary journal, including corresponding with authors, work to get journal placed, track submissions, proofread, and edit, etc; gathering and synthesizing background information on topics in medicine, bioethics, law, health policy, and the medical humanities; conducting literature searches, assist with manuscript preparation, and manage data acquisition for research studies.  Opportunities include attending bioethics seminars and working closely with Center faculty in a collaborative, interdisciplinary environment. Associate’s degree required, but Bachelor’s degree strongly preferred.   Demonstrated scholarly work or research in bioethics and/or medical humanities.  Excellent library, computer and written communication skills; evidence of ability to perform library and web-based research. Details about the Center’s work are available at www.upstate.edu/cbh. If you have questions regarding this position, please contact Dr. Kathy Faber-Langendoen, Chair, Center for Bioethics and Humanities by email faberlak@upstate.edu.  Please apply through the Upstate On-Line Employment System:  Job Search http://tinyurl.com/lz2myyn (Job Number 036616).   Applications will be reviewed as they are received and require a cover letter explaining your interest and qualifications for the position.  All applications submitted by November 13th will receive full consideration; position will remain open until filled. SUNY Upstate Medical University is an EEO/AA/ADA employer committed to excellence through diversity.

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Program Manager – Yale Global Institute of Sustainable Forestry:  Program on Private Forests
18 month Term Position, potential for extension if funding is available
Since its founding in 1900, the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies has been in the forefront of developing a science-based approach to forest management, and in training leaders world-wide. The Global Institute of Sustainable Forestry established in 2000 continues this tradition. Its mission is to integrate, strengthen and direct the School's forestry research, education and outreach to address the challenges of sustaining forests in the 21st century and a globalized world. In this new position, the program manager will primarily be responsible for “Tools for Engaging Landowners Effectively (TELE),” a program of the Global Institute.  This program is being significantly expanded thanks to a grant from the USDA Forest Service.  The majority of the program manager’s time will be devoted to expanding the program, including new research, outreach and educational initiatives.  TELE is a research and education program that produces tools and information to enhance the ability of natural resource professionals to reach more family woodland owners with effective messages, services and programs. This is accomplished by using the principals of social marketing – namely understanding the attitudes, values and preferences of landowners in order to tailor communication, services, and programs. The program has been piloted very successfully, primarily in the northeastern and Midwest US.  We will now expand the program nationally. Successfully implemented, this will exponentially increase the number of owners participating in stewardship and conservation activities.  The program manager will also be responsible to develop new research and educational programs on private forestlands, including strategic planning and fundraising.  Candidates should have a Masters degree in a related field and four years of related experience or an equivalent combination of education and experience.  For more details and to apply, go to http://www.yale.edu/hronline/careers/application/external/index.html.

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Calls for Papers & Nominations

Intersections in Reproduction: Perspectives on Abortion, Assisted Reproductive Technologies, and Judicial Review
Deadline: November 18, 2013
Abortion and reproductive technologies have historically occupied separate realms in law, policy, and academia. In spite of some obvious and natural overlap, scholarship exploring the relationship between abortion and assisted reproduction is sparse. In 2014, Judith Daar (Whittier Law School) and Kimberly Mutcherson (Rutgers Law-Camden) will co-guest edit an issue of the Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics devoted to articles reflecting on this relationship. JLME is a peer-reviewed journal published by the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics. The guest editors are open to a wide range of scholarship from authors steeped in various aspects of reproductive justice, reproductive rights and reproductive technologies who can explore the future of assisted reproduction and abortion as matters of scholarly concern and legal regulation, especially when viewed as part of a larger movement for reproductive rights and reproductive justice. The term reproductive technologies should be interpreted broadly in this context to go beyond IVF and include a range of techniques used in conjunction with assisted methods of conception. Questions papers might choose to tackle include, but are in no way limited to: What is the relationship between the right to create a pregnancy through assisted reproduction and the right to terminate a pregnancy?  Papers could explore constitutional groundings for the rights, similarities and differences in how the rights have or should evolve, and how these potentially evolving rights can or should impact each other. What common ground and common cause can be found between those who advocate on behalf of people who use assisted reproductive technology and women who want to terminate pregnancies? What is the role of stigma in controlling women's reproductive choices in these two areas and how does stigma in one area impact another?  For example, how does stigma directed at women working as surrogates relate to stigma directed towards women who terminate a pregnancy? What is the relationship between paternalist justifications for the regulation of assisted reproductive technology and paternalist justifications for the regulation of decision making about terminating pregnancies? How has technology influenced women's choices and autonomy in reproductive decision-making, either in creating or ending embryonic life, and how does it impact judicial review of these decisions? Special consideration will be given to writing that explores connections, disconnections, and contradictions in how law, public policy, and ethics understand abortion and how those arenas understand assisted reproduction. Final papers should be ten-twenty pages, including endnotes. On April 17-18, 2014, as a prelude to the special issue, the Program for the Study of Reproductive Justice at Yale Law School will host a workshop to discuss papers that have been preliminarily selected for publication in the special issue of JLME, and potentially additional papers that explore these themes. Post-workshop, authors will have time to revise their papers for purposes of publication in the special issue or for potential placement elsewhere. To be considered for inclusion in this special issue and the workshop in April, please send an abstract of no more 500 words to Judith Daar (jdaar@law.whittier.edu) and Kim Mutcherson (mutchers@camden.rutgers.edu) by November 18, 2013. Authors who are selected for inclusion in the volume and/or the workshop will be notified no later than December 13, 2013. Drafts of papers for the workshop will be due by March 10, 2014. Final papers will be due to the editors by May 23, 2014. If you have any questions about this CFP, please feel free to contact Judith Daar at jdaar@law.whittier.edu or Kimberly Mutcherson at mutchers@camden.rutgers.edu.

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Other Items of Interest

SUMR @ Penn: Summer Undergraduate Minority Research Program, Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics (LDI), University of Pennsylvania
Deadline: February 1, 2014
The University of Pennsylvania's Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics (LDI) offers paid summer internships for underrepresented minority undergraduates, or any other undergrads interested in exploring the field of health services research. LDI is one of the country's largest health services research centers coordinating the work of more than 200 senior fellows investigating the medical, economic, and social issues that influence how health care is organized, financed, managed, and delivered across the U.S. The LDI Summer Undergraduate Minority Research (SUMR) program pairs students with senior fellows to work on real research projects throughout the three-month duration of the course. Those mentors are also faculty members at Penn Medicine, the Wharton School, Penn Nursing, Penn Dental, and Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. Designed to provide an immersive reality experience with the disciplines and culture of the academic health services research community, the program particularly encourages candidates from minority groups that are underrepresented in this field (African-American, Hispanic/Latino, Native American, Pacific Islander) to apply. A committee of Penn faculty selects each year's SUMR scholars from the highly competitive applicant pool. Program participants should have an interest in health care and strong quantitative skills. Prospective participants do not have to make a commitment in advance to attend graduate school in order to be accepted into the program, but an academic or research career should be something they might consider.  Visit the SUMR website at http://ldi.upenn.edu/sumr/application. For more information, contact the Program Director, Joanne Levy, MBA, at levyj@wharton.upenn.edu

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Articles of Interest

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In the News


Featured Article

Carlyle, Erin. Carlos Slim Gives $74 Million To Make Genomic Research Less Ethnically Biased. Forbes. 30 October 2013.
Mexican billionaire Carlos Slim Hélu, the world’s 2nd-richest man, is giving an additional $74 million to a genomics center in Boston in order to right a bias in the field–a kind of scientific racism, you might call it. The problem: most samples of DNA analyzed in biomedical research come from people of European descent. “It’s like doing science with one eye closed,” Dr. Eric Lander, president and director of the Broad Institute at Harvard and MIT, the organization receiving Slim’s gift, said in a statement. “There are many discoveries that can only be made by studying non-European populations.” Continue reading...

Environment

Healy, Jack. Vision of Prairie Paradise Troubles Some Montana Ranchers. The New York Times. 26 October 2013.
On fields where cattle graze and wheat grows, a group of conservationists and millionaire donors are stitching together their dreams of an American Serengeti. Acre by acre, they are trying to build a new kind of national park, buying up old ranches to create a grassland reserve where 10,000 bison roam and fences are few. The privately financed project — now a decade in the making — has ambitions as big as the Montana sky, tapping private fortunes to preserve the country’s open landscapes. Supporters see it as the last, best way to create wide-open public spaces in an era of budget cuts, government shutdowns and bitter battles between land developers and conservationists. Continue reading...

Mohney, Gillian. Texas Hunting Club Auctioning Off Permit To Hunt Endangered Rhino. ABC News. 28 October 2013.
A Texas hunting group is auctioning off a permit to shoot and kill one of the most endangered animals in the world: a black rhino. The Dallas Safari Club, an international organization of hunters and wildlife enthusiasts, said they plan to auction off a permit to hunt an endangered black rhino from the government of the Republic of Namibia. However, the organization says their goal is actually to save the rhino, of which there are approximately 5,055. Continue reading...

The Associated Press. Asian Carp Breed In Great Lakes, Threaten Fishing. 28 October 2013.
Scientists said Monday they have for the first time documented that an Asian carp species has successfully reproduced within the Great Lakes watershed, an ominous development in the struggle to slam the door on the hungry invaders that could threaten native fish. Continue reading...

Food

Yaniv, Oren. Brooklyn Man Killed By Drinking Red Bull, $85 Million Lawsuit Alleges. NY Daily News. 28 October 2013.
Red Bull didn’t give him wings — it gave him a heart attack, a bombshell lawsuit alleges. Brooklyn father Cory Terry, 33, died during a basketball game after downing the caffeine-laden beverage — and his relatives are blaming the world’s largest energy drink maker. Their $85 million lawsuit, to be filed Monday, is believed to be the first wrongful death suit against Red Bull. The popular drink contains “extra stimulants that make it different than a cup of coffee,” said lawyer Ilya Novofastovsky. “They are more dangerous than what Red Bull lets on.” Continue reading...

Castillo, Michelle. N.D. Woman To Hand Out “Fat Letters” To Obese Kids During Halloween. CBS News. 30 October 2013.
Most children expect to get candy when they go trick-or-treating. But, if they stop by one Fargo, North Dakota woman's house, they might get an unexpected "fat letter." A station manager told valleynewslive.com in Fargo that a woman identified as Cheryl called into the Y-94 morning program saying that she wanted to make a stand against obesity during Halloween. Her idea? Give children who had extra pounds on them a letter instead of a sweet treat. "You (sic) child is, in my opinion, moderately obese and should not be consuming sugar treats to the extent of some children this Halloween season," the letter reads. "My hope is that you will step up as an adult and ration candy this Halloween and not allow your child to continue these unhealthy eating habits." Continue reading...

Genetics

Timmer, John. Quest for self-replicating RNA edges closer to life’s possible origin. Ars Technica. October 25, 2013.
The discovery of nucleic acid molecules that can catalyze chemical reactions has revolutionized thinking about the origin of life. These catalytic RNAs, called ribozymes, showed that a single molecule could embody two of the major aspects of life: genetic information and chemical activity. They also raised the intriguing possibility that it might be possible to find an RNA molecule that could copy itself. After all, once you have a single self-duplicating molecule, you would quickly end up with a large collection of self-duplicating molecules competing for resources. Evolution would be off and running. Continue reading…

Medical Ethics

Gold, Jenny. Some Health Screenings May Harm More Than Help. NPR. 28 October 2013.
The company Life Line Screening says it has performed health screenings on 8 million Americans at churches and community centers, and up to 10 percent of them have been found to have some sort of abnormality. But several of the tests performed by Life Line are on a list of procedures for healthy people to avoid. The tests can potentially do more harm than good, according to the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force, an independent panel that recommends evidence-based treatments. Even though the screening tests are generally noninvasive, follow-up exams and procedures often are not, and can increase a person's odds of being injured or overtreated. Continue reading...

Pharmaceuticals

Meier, Barry, and Lipton, Eric. F.D.A. Shift on Painkillers Was Years In The Making. The New York Times. 27 October 2013.
The Federal Drug Administration’s move to tighten restrictions for prescribing painkillers involved a rare victory by lawmakers from states hard hit by prescription drug abuse over well-financed lobbyists for business and patient groups, one that came during a continuing public health crisis. Narcotic painkillers, or opioids, have become the most frequently prescribed drugs in the United States and have set off a wave of misuse, abuse and addiction. Experts estimate that more than 100,000 people have died in the last decade from overdoses involving the drugs. Continue reading...

Research Ethics

McNeil, Donald. Neglected Diseases Still Are, Well, Neglected. The New York Times. 28 October 2013.
Despite much progress in the last 35 years, a new study has found that major gaps persist in the effort to prevent and treat the “neglected diseases” of the poor. The study, a survey of the 850 new drugs and vaccines approved in the last 12 years, found that only 4 percent were for the 49 diseases the authors consider neglected, including obscure worm and diarrheal diseases and well-known killers like malaria and tuberculosis. Continue reading...

Technology

Markoff, John. Making Robots More Like Us. The New York Times. 28 October 2013.
Until recently, most robots were carefully separated from humans. They have largely been used in factories to perform repetitive tasks that required speed, precision and force. That generation of robots is dangerous, and they have been caged and fenced for the protection of workers. But the industrial era of robotics is over. And robots are beginning to move around in the world. More and more, they are also beginning to imitate — and look like — humans. And they are beginning to perform tasks as humans do, too. Continue reading...

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In the Journals

James, Rosalina. Launching Native Health Leaders: Reducing Mistrust of Research Through Student Peer Mentorship. American Journal of Public Health. 2013.
We assessed the impact of Launching Native Health Leaders (LNHL), a peer-mentoring and networking program that introduced American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) undergraduates to health and research careers and concepts of community-based participatory research (CBPR). Methods. We conducted 15 interviews and 1 focus group with students who had attended 1 or more LNHL meetings, which took place during 9 professional health research conferences in 2006 to 2009. We completed data collection in 2010, within 1 to 4 years of LNHL participant engagement in program activities. Results. Participants described identity and cultural challenges they encountered in academic institutions and how their views shifted from perceiving research as an enterprise conducted by community outsiders who were not to be trusted toward an understanding of CBPR as contributing to AI/AN health. Conclusions. LNHL provided a safe environment for AI/AN students to openly explore their place in the health and research arenas. Programs such as LNHL support AI/AN student development as leaders in building trust for academic-tribal partnerships. Continue reading…

Lambie, D. How spirituality is understood and taught in New Zealand medical schools. Palliative and Supportive Care. October 2013.
Objectives: The objective of this research was to explore how spirituality is currently understood and taught in New Zealand Medical Schools.
Methods: A mixed methods study was carried out involving interviews (n = 14) and a survey (n = 73). The first stage of the study involved recorded semi-structured interviews of people involved in curriculum development from the Dunedin School of Medicine (n = 14); which then informed a cross-sectional self-reported electronic survey (n = 73).
Results: The results indicate that spirituality is regarded by many involved in medical education in New Zealand as an important part of healthcare that may be taught in medical schools, but also that there is little consensus among this group as to what the topic is about.
Significance of results: These findings provide a basis for further discussion about including spirituality in medical curricula, and in particular indicate a need to develop a shared understanding of what ‘spirituality’ means and how it can be taught appropriately. As a highly secular country, these New Zealand findings are significant for medical education in other secular Western countries. Addressing spirituality with patients has been shown to positively impact a range of health outcomes, but how spirituality is taught in medical schools is still developing across the globe. Continue reading…

Massie, John. Uncertain diagnosis after newborn screening for cystic fibrosis: An ethics-based approach to a clinical dilemma. Pulmonary Pulmonology. 2013.
There is uncertainty about the diagnosis of cystic fibrosis after newborn screening (NBS) for some babies, either because of an intermediate sweat chloride test or inconclusive gene mutation analysis. There is considerable difficulty knowing how best to manage these babies, some of whom will develop cystic fibrosis, but many not. This article offers an ethics-based approach to this clinical dilemma that should be helpful to clinicians managing the baby with an uncertain diagnosis of cystic fibrosis after NBS. Continue reading…

Powazki, Ruth. The Care of the Actively Dying in an Academic Medical Center: A Survey of Registered Nurses' Professional Capability and Comfort. American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine. October 2013.
Background: Care of the dying is a significant component of nursing practice particularly in hospitals. Nurses who work in certain areas like oncology, intensive care unit (ICU) face the care of the dying, more so than other units.
Objectives: The survey was conducted to assess nurses' self-perception of their professional capability and comfort in the care of the actively dying. Determine if professional capability and comfort was associated with any of the six demographics characteristics (age, gender, clinical experience, education level, nursing unit, continuing education). Identify areas of clinical challenge to promote educational initiatives to stimulate best nursing practice in the actively dying.
Design: The survey comprised of two parts: Part I with demographic characteristics and a single open-ended question, Part II with twenty questions on the domains recommended by the NCP.
Results: Older age and greater clinical experience were associated with greater levels of capability/comfort. Most nurses felt professionally capable and comfortable in domains such as knowledge, physical and psychosocial care but bioethics, communication, cultural, spiritual and bereavement issues challenged ≥ 40%.
Conclusions: Nurses self-perceived professional capability and comfort levels in caring for the dying were positively influenced by older age, greater clinical experience and extensive continuing education. Bioethics, communication and grief impacted nurses personally and emotionally. Continuing education, organized debriefing, grief-counseling, and preceptors support should be routine for nurses who work in units with predictable high mortality. Continue reading…

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Opinion

Ars Technica

Johnson, Scott K. Geoengineering, through the eyes of the IPCC. October 28, 2013.
It has been well established that our emissions of greenhouse gases are changing the Earth’s climate and that in order to avoid future warming and ocean acidification, fossil fuel use will need to be limited. There is a sort of “Plan B,” however—the intentional manipulation of the climate, known as “geoengineering.” Some forms of geoengineering could be done relatively easily, while others seem more like “terraforming” schemes out of sci-fi novels. Continue reading…

Timmer, John. Limiting carbon emissions is harder when you’re conserving water. October 30, 2013.
In the US, fully half of the water withdrawn from sources such as lakes and aquifers ends up being used for generating electricity. Most of that water is converted to steam, cooled, and returned to its original source. Even in those cases, however, losses during the cooling process reduce the total amount of water available. Continue reading…

Chicago Tribune

Editorial. Now Democrats know what’s in Obamacare. October 24, 2013.
Not long after she uttered that infamous phrase, Pelosi got her way. She stampeded House Democrats to vote for a massive, complex Obamacare plan that few lawmakers in either party had time to understand. She and Democratic Senate leaders ramrodded Obamacare without a single Republican vote. Continue reading…

Editorial. Beyond Obamacare. October 30, 2013.
Here's the essence of the U.S. House Energy and Commerce Committee grilling of Health and Human Services Secretary Kathleen Sebelius on Wednesday: Continue reading…

The Economist

Science & Technology. As luck would have it. October 26, 2013.
Bad though it has been, the AIDS epidemic would have been a great deal worse but for a strange and unexplained quirk. Infected mothers, it was feared, would transmit HIV, the AIDS-causing virus, to their children when suckling them. Mothers’ milk carries the virus, and suckling may last two years—which is plenty of time for transmission to happen. And indeed it does, but not nearly as often as was originally suspected. Less than 10% of infants suckled by untreated infected mothers (those not on antiretroviral drugs, which suppress the virus’s reproduction) pick up HIV. Continue reading…

Los Angeles Times

McManus, Doyle. Obamacare’s next hurdle. October 27, 2013.
One of these weeks, now that the Obama administration has recruited a SWAT team of computer whizzes, Healthcare.gov will recover from its shambolic debut and turn into, well, just another website. After all, it's only a website, and websites can be fixed. Continue reading…

Whitefield, Paul. Throw out Obamacare? Yes, and give us a single-payer system. October 29, 2013.
As the old saying goes, even a blind pig finds an ear of corn sometimes. And so it is with Republicans and Obamacare: They’re right; it’s a mess and deserves to be euthanized, perhaps by its own special “death panel.” Continue reading…

New Scientist

Geddes, Linda. Craig Venter: Why I put my name in synthetic genomes. October 28, 2013.
How has the definition of life changed during your lifetime?
Even when Watson and Crick published their structure of DNA in 1953 it wasn't settled that DNA was the genetic material. It has gone from that at the start of my life, to sequencing the first genomes and then writing the first genomes to prove that DNA is the basis of life. Continue reading…

Editorial. Gene therapy needs a hero to live up to the hype. October 31, 2013.
In technology, it is called the hype cycle: what initially seems a promising breakthrough leads to inflated expectations – until it becomes clear that a great deal of time, money and effort will be needed to realise that promise. Disillusionment sets in until the first real successes are reported, and then the hype is on again. Continue reading…

New York Times

Editorial. What the Pollen Says. October 26, 2013.
Humans are biological survivors, part of an unbroken genetic stream linked to the remote past. Yet the history of civilizations — rising, flourishing, crashing — is episodic. Continue reading…

Editorial. A Mixed Decision on the Texas Abortion Law. October 29, 2013.
Under a phony guise of protecting the health and safety of women, states with Republican governors and state legislatures have been keeping busy enacting one burdensome scheme after another designed to radically curtail access to safe and legal abortion care. Continue reading…

Editorial. Putting More Controls on Painkillers. October 29, 2013.
The Food and Drug Administration took an important step last week to curb an epidemic of overdose deaths from misuse of prescription painkillers that contain hydrocodone, such as Vicodin, Lortab and their generic equivalents, in combination with another painkilling drug. The only regret is that it took so long for the agency to make up its mind. Continue reading…

Slate

Dobbs, David. Genetics’ Rite of Passage. October 27, 2013.
If you want a look at a high-profile field dealing with a lot of humbling snags, peer into #ASHG2013, the Twitter hashtag for last week’s meeting of the American Society of Human Genetics, held in Boston. You will see successes, to be sure: Geneticists are sequencing and analyzing genomes ever faster and more precisely. In the last year alone, the field has quintupled the rate at which it identifies genes for rare diseases. These advances are leading to treatments and cures for obscure illnesses that doctors could do nothing about only a few years ago, as well as genetic tests that allow prospective parents to bear healthy children instead of suffering miscarriage after miscarriage. Continue reading…

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